January 2004 Top Story Archives



International Space Station Greets 2004 »» International Space Station Greets 2004

[Thursday, January 01, 2004] Houston Flight Control: "We appreciate your hard work day after day, your cheerful demeanors, and most of all the opportunity to be here with you as we make history together."

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Stardust Survives Close Encounter with Comet Wild 2 »» Stardust Survives Close Encounter with Comet Wild 2

[Friday, January 02, 2004] Team Stardust, NASA's first dedicated sample return mission to a comet, passed a huge milestone today by successfully navigating through the particle and gas-laden coma around comet Wild 2

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Download the Public Version of the Software NASA Uses to Operate Mars Rovers »» Download the Public Version of the Software NASA Uses to Operate Mars Rovers

[Friday, January 02, 2004] The Maestro team at NASA JPL has created a public version of the primary software tool used to operate the twin mars rovers. You can download a scaled-down version of the program yourself. All major operating systems are supported.

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Mars Exploration Rover (MER-A) Spirit Landing Site  »» Mars Exploration Rover (MER-A) Spirit Landing Site

[Saturday, January 03, 2004] The Spirit rover will land just after 8:35 p.m. Pacific Standard Time today, 3 Jan 2004 (04:35, 4 Jan 2004 UTC). It is expected to land somewhere within the approximately 83 km (~52 mi) long by ~10 km (~6 mi) wide ellipse on the floor of Gusev Crater.

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America's Spirit Is Ready to Rock-n-Roll Martian Style Saturday Night »» America's Spirit Is Ready to Rock-n-Roll Martian Style Saturday Night

[Saturday, January 03, 2004] In a perfect world, or in this case two perfect worlds -- Earth and Mars, the first of NASA's two robot geologists will bounce over rocks and roll to a safe stop on the martian surface shortly after 8:35 p.m. PST, January 3, 2004.

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NASA's Spirit Rover Lands on Mars »» NASA's Spirit Rover Lands on Mars

[Saturday, January 03, 2004] NASA's Spirit Rover reached the surface of Mars at 8:35 PM PST (11:35 PM EST) tonight. NASA JPL has received data from the rover indicating that it survived the landing and has received a deluge of high resolution photos as well.

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Panorama from Mars Spirit Rover »» Panorama from Mars Spirit Rover

[Sunday, January 04, 2004] This panorama was taken by the Spirit rover shortly after it landed.

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QuickTime VR Panorama of NASA Spirit's Landing Site on Mars »» QuickTime VR Panorama of NASA Spirit's Landing Site on Mars

[Sunday, January 04, 2004] David Palermo from WorldVR.com has created this spectacular Quicktime VR panorama of Spirit's landing site using imagery sent back from Mars less than 24 hours ago.

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Stereo (anaglyph) Images From NASA Spirit's Landing Site on Mars  »» Stereo (anaglyph) Images From NASA Spirit's Landing Site on Mars

[Sunday, January 04, 2004] If you have the red/blue glasses, visit this page. Also, please be certain to visit the amazing 3D image collection at marsunearthed.com. There is an artist behind these images.

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Spirit Landing Breaks All Previous NASA Internet Records »» Spirit Landing Breaks All Previous NASA Internet Records

[Monday, January 05, 2004] According to information received from NASA, this weekend's landing of the Spirit rover on Mars drew an unprecedented audience for NASA on the Internet.

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El Nino-related Fires Increase Greenhouse Gas Emissions »» El Nino-related Fires Increase Greenhouse Gas Emissions

[Monday, January 05, 2004] Year-to-year changes in concentration of carbon dioxide and methane can be linked to fire activity associated with the El Nino-La Nina cycle, according to a study conducted by a team of NASA scientists and other researchers.

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Why do galaxies in the young universe appear so mature? »» Why do galaxies in the young universe appear so mature?

[Monday, January 05, 2004] Until now, astronomers have been nearly blind when looking back in time to survey an era when most stars in the Universe were expected to have formed. The surprise: these galaxies appear to be more fully formed and mature than was expected.

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Old Equation May Shed Light on Planet Formation »» Old Equation May Shed Light on Planet Formation

[Tuesday, January 06, 2004] New work with an old equation may help scientists calculate the thickness of ice covering the oceans on Jupiter's moon Europa and ultimately provide insight into planet formation.

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Suns Of All Ages Possess Comets, Maybe Planets »» Suns Of All Ages Possess Comets, Maybe Planets

[Tuesday, January 06, 2004] In early 2003, Comet Kudo-Fujikawa (C/2002 X5) zipped past the Sun and was puffing out huge amounts of carbon, one of the key elements for life. The comet also emitted large amounts of water vapor as the Sun's heat baked its outer surface.

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Biggest, Brightest Star Yet Discovered »» Biggest, Brightest Star Yet Discovered

[Tuesday, January 06, 2004] A University of Florida-led team of astronomers may have discovered the brightest star yet observed in the universe, a fiery behemoth that could be as much as much as seven times brighter than the current record holder.

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NASA Memorializes Space Shuttle Columbia Crew on Mars »» NASA Memorializes Space Shuttle Columbia Crew on Mars

[Tuesday, January 06, 2004] NASA has announced plans to name the landing site of the Mars Spirit Rover in honor of the Shuttle Columbia astronauts. The area in the vast flatland of the Gusev Crater where Spirit landed this weekend will be called the Columbia Memorial Station.

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NASA Releases First Color Image of Martian Surface Taken by Spirit Rover »» NASA Releases First Color Image of Martian Surface Taken by Spirit Rover

[Tuesday, January 06, 2004] This is the first color image of Mars taken by the panoramic camera on the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit. It is the highest resolution image ever taken on the surface of another planet.

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New Stardust Image of Comet Wild 2 »» New Stardust Image of Comet Wild 2

[Tuesday, January 06, 2004] "These images are better than we had hoped for in our wildest dreams," said Ray Newburn of JPL, a co-investigator for Stardust. "They will help us better understand the mechanisms that drive conditions on comets."

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Jets Spout Far Closer to Black Hole Than Thought, Scientists Say »» Jets Spout Far Closer to Black Hole Than Thought, Scientists Say

[Tuesday, January 06, 2004] Scientiststaking advantage of multiple unique views of black hole particle jet over the course of a year with NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, have assembled a "picture" of the region that has revealed several key discoveries.

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VLBA Movie Gives Scientists New Insights On Workings of Mysterious Microquasars »» VLBA Movie Gives Scientists New Insights On Workings of Mysterious Microquasars

[Tuesday, January 06, 2004] Astronomers have made a 42-day movie showing the inner workings of a strange star system providing new insights that are changing scientists' understanding of the enigmatic stellar pairs known as microquasars.

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Storms Of Hot And Cold Gas Rage In Betelgeuse's Turbulent Atmosphere »» Storms Of Hot And Cold Gas Rage In Betelgeuse's Turbulent Atmosphere

[Tuesday, January 06, 2004] Astronomers announced observations of a nearby supergiant star that directly show hot gas escaping its boiling atmosphere at a larger distance than from any other star.

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Chandra Locates Planetary Ore in Colliding Galaxies »» Chandra Locates Planetary Ore in Colliding Galaxies

[Wednesday, January 07, 2004] The Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered rich deposits of neon, magnesium, and silicon in a pair of colliding galaxies. When the clouds in which these elements are present cool, an exceptionally high number of stars with planets should form.

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NASA Mars Spirit Rover Airbag to Get Another Tug »» NASA Mars Spirit Rover Airbag to Get Another Tug

[Thursday, January 08, 2004] The engineers and scientists for NASA's Spirit are eager to get the rover off its lander and out exploring the terrain that Spirit's pictures are revealing, but caution comes first.

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EXCLUSIVE: Bush OKs new moon missions »» EXCLUSIVE: Bush OKs new moon missions

[Thursday, January 08, 2004] American astronauts will return to the moon early in the next decade in preparation for sending crews to explore Mars and nearby asteroids, President Bush will propose next week as part of a sweeping reform of the U.S. space program.

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Spirit Lowers Front Wheels, Looks Around in Infrared »» Spirit Lowers Front Wheels, Looks Around in Infrared

[Saturday, January 10, 2004] Spirit has stood up and extended its front wheels while continuing to delight its human partners with new information about its neighborhood within Mars' Gusev Crater.

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NASA Spirit Rover Finds Possible Evidence of Carbonate in Gusev Crater »» NASA Spirit Rover Finds Possible Evidence of Carbonate in Gusev Crater

[Saturday, January 10, 2004] Less than a week after landing on Mars, NASA's Spirit rover has found possible evidence that water once flowed on the now-barren planet, the goal of the mission. The scientists are cautious about their interpretation.

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Search for Leak aboard ISS Continues »» Search for Leak aboard ISS Continues

[Saturday, January 10, 2004] "Onboard operations to isolate and identify the cause of the slight pressure drop of the past days are continuing according to the plan worked out jointly by U.S. & Russian specialists, checking all potential causes in order of priority."

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First Evidence of an Extra-solar Planet with a Magnetic Field »» First Evidence of an Extra-solar Planet with a Magnetic Field

[Saturday, January 10, 2004] Canadian astronomers announced today the first evidence of a magnetic field on a planet outside of our solar system which is also the first observation of a planet heating its star.

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First-Known Double Pulsar Opens Up New Astrophysics »» First-Known Double Pulsar Opens Up New Astrophysics

[Saturday, January 10, 2004] Astronomers have shown that the compact object orbiting pulsar PSR J0737-3039A with a period of just 2.4 hours is not only, as suspected, another neutron star but is also a detectable pulsar, PSR J0737-3039B, that is rotating once every 2.8 seconds.

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Majority of Planetary Nebulae May Arise from Binary Systems »» Majority of Planetary Nebulae May Arise from Binary Systems

[Saturday, January 10, 2004] New research suggests that many if not most of the stellar corpses at the centers of these wildly varied cosmic objects have companion stars, a surprising finding that will influence how astronomers explain their origins.

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NASA Spirit's Surroundings Beckon in Color Panorama »» NASA Spirit's Surroundings Beckon in Color Panorama

[Monday, January 12, 2004] The first 360-degree color view from NASA's Spirit Mars Exploration Rover presents a range of tempting targets from nearby rocks to hills on the horizon.

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QuickTime Color VR Panorama of NASA Spirit's Landing Site on Mars »» QuickTime Color VR Panorama of NASA Spirit's Landing Site on Mars

[Monday, January 12, 2004] David Palermo from WorldVR.com has created another Quicktime VR view of the first 360-degree color view from NASA's Spirit Mars Exploration Rover.

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President's plan revamps station research »» President's plan revamps station research

[Tuesday, January 13, 2004] The scientific research conducted aboard the International Space Station by the United States will be completely revamped under President Bush's new space policy.

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President Bush Announces New Vision for Space Exploration Program »» President Bush Announces New Vision for Space Exploration Program

[Wednesday, January 14, 2004] Today, the President committed the United States to a long-term human and robotic program to explore the solar system, starting with a return to the Moon that will ultimately enable future exploration of Mars and other destinations.

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Beyond the Moon: Inside Bush's space plan (Part 1 of 3) »» Beyond the Moon: Inside Bush's space plan (Part 1 of 3)

[Wednesday, January 14, 2004] The Bush administration's new policy for America's space program took a careful, deliberate and quiet effort in order to come into being. This is the story of how it happened.

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Spirit Rolls All Six Wheels onto Martian Soil »» Spirit Rolls All Six Wheels onto Martian Soil

[Thursday, January 15, 2004] NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Spirit successfully drove off its lander platform and onto the soil of Mars early today.

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Neutron Star Imitates Black Hole »» Neutron Star Imitates Black Hole

[Thursday, January 15, 2004] Scientists have seen a neutron star spitting out a jet of matter at very close to the speed of light. This is the first time such a fast jet has been seen from anything other than a black hole.

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A failed star is born: the origins of brown dwarfs »» A failed star is born: the origins of brown dwarfs

[Thursday, January 15, 2004] Do brown dwarfs they really form as stars do - from collapsing clouds of gas - or are their origins completely different?

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Hubble Servicing Mission SM4 Cancelled by NASA Headquarters (Internal Memos) »» Hubble Servicing Mission SM4 Cancelled by NASA Headquarters (Internal Memos)

[Friday, January 16, 2004] "A few minutes ago, we concluded a meeting at which Sean O'Keefe, the NASA Administrator, announced his decision to cancel SM4, the next servicing mission to Hubble. "

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Beyond the Moon: Inside Bush's space plan (part 2 of 3) »» Beyond the Moon: Inside Bush's space plan (part 2 of 3)

[Friday, January 16, 2004] The Bush administration's plan for America's space program is the product of a year of difficult choices resulting in a comprehensive approach to human exploration of the solar system and a restructuring of the country's space program.

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NASA Cancels Shuttle Mission to Hubble Space Telescope »» NASA Cancels Shuttle Mission to Hubble Space Telescope

[Friday, January 16, 2004] NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe directed the cancellation of a previously planned space shuttle mission to repair and upgrade the Hubble Space Telescope today.

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Spirit Flexes Its Arm To Use Microscope On Mars' Soil »» Spirit Flexes Its Arm To Use Microscope On Mars' Soil

[Friday, January 16, 2004] NASA's Spirit rover reached out with its versatile robotic arm early today and examined a patch of fine-grained martian soil with a microscope at the end of the arm.

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Beyond the Moon: Inside Bush's space plan (Part 3 of 3) »» Beyond the Moon: Inside Bush's space plan (Part 3 of 3)

[Saturday, January 17, 2004] More than a few complaints from members of Congress addressed the purpose of the space program. Both Democrats and Republicans had been questioning NASA's vision - or lack of one - and many looked to the Bush administration to come up with one.

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Stormy Cloud of Star Birth Glows in New Spitzer Image »» Stormy Cloud of Star Birth Glows in New Spitzer Image

[Saturday, January 17, 2004] A dusty stellar nursery shines brightly in a new image from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope. Spitzer's heat-sensing "infrared eyes" have pierced the veiled core of the Tarantula Nebula to provide an unprecedented peek at massive newborn stars.

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Stardust Surprise »» Stardust Surprise

[Sunday, January 18, 2004] When NASA's Stardust spacecraft flew by Comet Wild 2, the probe saw something that surprised astronomers.

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First Stunning Imagery from Mars Express »» First Stunning Imagery from Mars Express

[Monday, January 19, 2004] Although the seven scientific instruments on board Mars Express are still undergoing a thorough calibration phase, they have already started collecting amazing results. The first high-resolution images and spectra of Mars have already been acquired.

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Stafford-Covey Group Issues Interim Status Report »» Stafford-Covey Group Issues Interim Status Report

[Tuesday, January 20, 2004] The Stafford-Covey Return to Flight Task Group has issued an interim report. The group is making an independent assessment of NASA's implementation of the Columbia Accident Investigation Board Space Shuttle return to flight recommendations.

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Only Two Weeks Remain to Get Your Name on NASA's Deep Impact Comet Mission »» Only Two Weeks Remain to Get Your Name on NASA's Deep Impact Comet Mission

[Tuesday, January 20, 2004] On January 31 NASA's Deep Impact mission will end its campaign to launch the names of space enthusiasts who want to make a deep impact on a comet.

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NASA Spirit Rover Photo: Empty Nest »» NASA Spirit Rover Photo: Empty Nest

[Wednesday, January 21, 2004] This image mosaic taken by the panoramic camera onboard the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit shows the rover's landing site, the Columbia Memorial Station, at Gusev Crater, Mars.

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Communication Problems With Spirit »» Communication Problems With Spirit

[Wednesday, January 21, 2004] Controllers were able to send commands to the Spirit early Wednesday and received a simple signal acknowledging that the rover heard them, but they did not receive expected scientific and engineering data during scheduled communication passes.

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International Space Station Research Institute on Hold »» International Space Station Research Institute on Hold

[Thursday, January 22, 2004] NASA's plan to establish an International Space Station Research Institute (ISSRI) has been postponed. A draft Statement of Work was released in Sept. 5, 2003, and a draft Request for Proposal was scheduled for release in winter 2004.

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»» "New Space Exploration Vision" Distributed to NASA Employees 16 Jan 2004

[Thursday, January 22, 2004] "Exploration of the solar system will be guided by compelling questions of scientific and societal importance."

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On-line Spacewatch Volunteer Discovers Close-approaching Asteroid »» On-line Spacewatch Volunteer Discovers Close-approaching Asteroid

[Thursday, January 22, 2004] A volunteer who analyzes on-line images for the University of Arizona Spacewatch program has discovered a 60-to-120-foot diameter asteroid that will miss Earth by about 1.2 million miles tomorrow, Jan. 22.

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Cosmic Rays Are Not the Cause of Climate Change, Scientists Say »» Cosmic Rays Are Not the Cause of Climate Change, Scientists Say

[Thursday, January 22, 2004] Eleven Earth and space scientists say that a recent paper attributing most climate change on Earth to cosmic rays is incorrect and based on questionable methodology.

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Fitful Young Star Sputters to Maturity in the Rosette Nebula »» Fitful Young Star Sputters to Maturity in the Rosette Nebula

[Thursday, January 22, 2004] A duo of Chinese and American astronomers have discovered a young star in the fierce environs of the Rosette Nebula that is ejecting a complex jet of material riddled with knots and bow shocks.

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Hubble Examines Uranus and Neptune »» Hubble Examines Uranus and Neptune

[Thursday, January 22, 2004] Uranus and Neptune aren't the identical egg-blue twins they appear to be in natural color, according to NASA Hubble Space Telescope images released today.

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Limited Communication Established with Spirit »» Limited Communication Established with Spirit

[Friday, January 23, 2004] The flight team for NASA's Spirit received data from the rover in a communication session that began at 13:26 Universal Time (5:26 a.m. PST) and lasted 20 minutes at a data rate of 120 bits per second.

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Mars Express sees its first water »» Mars Express sees its first water

[Friday, January 23, 2004] One of the main targets of the Mars Express mission is to discover the presence of water in one of its chemical states. Through the initial mapping of the South polar cap it has already revealed the presence of water ice and carbon dioxide ice.

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Rover Team Readies For Second Landing While Trying to Mend Spirit »» Rover Team Readies For Second Landing While Trying to Mend Spirit

[Friday, January 23, 2004] Some members of the flight team for NASA's Mars Exploration Rovers are preparing for this weekend's landing of the second rover, Opportunity, while others are focused on trying to restore the first rover, Spirit, to working order.

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Spirit Is Responding - But Not Healthy - Yet »» Spirit Is Responding - But Not Healthy - Yet

[Friday, January 23, 2004] NASA's Spirit rover did not go to sleep today even after ground controllers sent commands twice for it to do so.

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Condition of NASA's Spirit Upgraded as Opportunity Nears Mars »» Condition of NASA's Spirit Upgraded as Opportunity Nears Mars

[Saturday, January 24, 2004] Hours before NASA's Opportunity rover reaches Mars, engineers have found a way to communicate reliably with its twin, Spirit.

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NASA Mars Opportunity Rover Lands on Mars »» NASA Mars Opportunity Rover Lands on Mars

[Saturday, January 24, 2004] NASA's Mars Opportunity Rover landed on the Surface of Mars this evening at 9:05 PM PST.

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Images Received From NASA Opportunity Rover on Mars »» Images Received From NASA Opportunity Rover on Mars

[Sunday, January 25, 2004] NASA's Opportunity Rover has already sent back dozens of photos from Mars. According to mission PI Steve Sqyures "its like nothing I have ever seen before!"

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NASA Mars Opportunity Rover Image: Meridiani Planum in Color »» NASA Mars Opportunity Rover Image: Meridiani Planum in Color

[Sunday, January 25, 2004] This is one of the first images beamed back to Earth from the rover shortly after it touched down. The image was captured by the rover's panoramic camera.

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NASA Mars Opportunity Rover Stereoscopic Anaglyphs »» NASA Mars Opportunity Rover Stereoscopic Anaglyphs

[Sunday, January 25, 2004] Once again Jeffrey WIlliams at Marsunearthed.com has been kind enough to allow us to post anaglphs he has made of images received from Oportunity on Mars early this morning.

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Hubble's End - or a New Beginning? »» Hubble's End - or a New Beginning?

[Monday, January 26, 2004] Recently Sean O'Keefe decided not to proceed with the last scheduled Space Shuttle Servicing Mission to the Hubble Space Telescope. Yet, in this decision not to use the Shuttle to extend Hubble's life, is there not the seed of another approach?

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Dazzling Halos illuminate our dusty Galaxy »» Dazzling Halos illuminate our dusty Galaxy

[Monday, January 26, 2004] The discovery of a unique phenomenon: a beautiful set of expanding X-ray halos surrounding a gamma-ray burst which have never been seen before has been announced by an international team of astronomers.

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Massive Old Star Reveals Secrets on Deathbed »» Massive Old Star Reveals Secrets on Deathbed

[Monday, January 26, 2004] Like a doctor trying to understand an elderly patient's sudden demise, astronomers have obtained the first-ever detailed observations of an old but otherwise normal massive star just before and after its life ended in a spectacular supernova explosion.

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To Boldly Go ... »» To Boldly Go ...

[Monday, January 26, 2004] When we last went to the Moon, it was with the computer equivalent of stone knives and bear skins. It is truly mind boggling to the modern engineer that we were able to do this with the hardware and software developed from scratch back then.

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Ulysses Jupiter Encounter Approaches »» Ulysses Jupiter Encounter Approaches

[Tuesday, January 27, 2004] The Ulysses spacecraft and all scientific instruments are in good health. Preparations are underway for the Jupiter Distant Encounter campaign that will take place between the end of January and mid-March 2004.

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Martian Landmarks Dedicated to Apollo 1 Crew »» Martian Landmarks Dedicated to Apollo 1 Crew

[Tuesday, January 27, 2004] NASA memorialized the Apollo 1 crew by dedicating the hills surrounding the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit's landing site to the astronauts. The crew of Apollo 1 perished during a launch pad test of their Apollo spacecraft 37 years ago today.

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JPL Logo Missing on Mars! »» JPL Logo Missing on Mars!

[Wednesday, January 28, 2004] NASA recently dedicated the landing site of the Spirit rover on Mars to the crew of Columbia. Curiously, the JPL logo that was on the plaque when it left Earth disappeared on Mars. Where did it go?

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Space Shuttle Challenger Crew Memorialized on Mars »» Space Shuttle Challenger Crew Memorialized on Mars

[Wednesday, January 28, 2004] NASA announced plans to name the landing site of the Mars Opportunity rover in honor of the Space Shuttle Challenger's final crew. The area where Opportunity landed this weekend, will be called the Challenger Memorial Station.

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NASA Opportunity Rover Begins Standing Up »» NASA Opportunity Rover Begins Standing Up

[Wednesday, January 28, 2004] NASA's Opportunity rover has untucked its front wheels and latched its suspension system in place, key steps in preparing to drive off its lander and onto martian soil.

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Progress M1-11 Launched from Baikonur »» Progress M1-11 Launched from Baikonur

[Thursday, January 29, 2004] At 14 hours 58 minutes 8 seconds Moscow Time the Soyuz-U/Progress M1-11 Rocket-Space Complex was launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome.

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Healthier Spirit Gets Back to Work While Opportunity Prepares to Roll »» Healthier Spirit Gets Back to Work While Opportunity Prepares to Roll

[Thursday, January 29, 2004] Spirit has resumed taking pictures as engineers continue work on restoring its health. Meanwhile, Spirit's twin, Opportunity, extended its rear wheels backward to driving position last night as part of preparations to roll off its lander, possibly as ea

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The Danger of Perpetuating False Urban Myths in Space »» The Danger of Perpetuating False Urban Myths in Space

[Thursday, January 29, 2004] Everyone loves to poke fun at the government for paying too much for things. Examples such as $500 toilet seats on Air Force planes and the like have taken on mythical stature. NASA is no different.

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NASA Administrator O'Keefe on Bush Space Initiatives »» NASA Administrator O'Keefe on Bush Space Initiatives

[Friday, January 30, 2004] Following the President's speech on 14 January, Sean O'Keefe responded to questions about the new space policy. O'Keefe's remarks provide greater detail about the Administration's intentions, and serve as a preview of coming congressional hearings.

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Hail Columbia, the journey continues »» Hail Columbia, the journey continues

[Friday, January 30, 2004] The effect of the attacks of Dec. 7, 1941, and Sept. 11, 2001, was that our enemies had awakened a sleeping giant. We can be equally proud that our response to the loss of Columbia has not been to retreat from our exploration of space, but rather to stren

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Opportunity Rolls onto Martian Ground »» Opportunity Rolls onto Martian Ground

[Saturday, January 31, 2004] NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity drove down a reinforced fabric ramp at the front of its lander platform and onto the soil of Mars' Meridiani Planum this morning.

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Star Shows it has the Right Stuff »» Star Shows it has the Right Stuff

[Saturday, January 31, 2004] Astronomers have used an observation by NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory to make the best case yet that a star can be engulfed by its companion star and survive.

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Columbia +365 »» Columbia +365

[Saturday, January 31, 2004] One year ago today, Space Shuttle Columbia began to return home after a successful 16 day Mission.

It would never arrive.

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