From: Payload Systems, Inc.
Posted: Monday, June 23, 2003
Experimental Satellite Testbed Slated for Shuttle Launch in 2004 Payload Systems, Inc., a Cambridge-based provider of specialized science and engineering services for spaceflight and research programs across the globe, this week delivered the first installment of parts for the much-anticipated SPHERES (Synchronized Position Hold, Engage and Reorient Experimental Satellites) testbed to NASA. The delivery marks the culmination of five years of research, design and development and will be followed by a subsequent delivery of additional hardware and software in the fall of 2003. SPHERES is projected to be delivered to the International Space Station (ISS) by the space shuttle in 2004.
"This delivery is a very significant milestone for Payload Systems and the entire team," said SPHERES Project Manager, Steve Sell. "It is extremely exciting to begin to see the results of years of excellent collaboration between Payload Systems and the MIT Space Systems Laboratory students and staff. This also marks the SPHERES testbed's transition from ground development to spaceflight operations."
The SPHERES project began in 1998 as a challenge assignment in an experimental three-semester undergraduate design course at MIT entitled "Conceive, Design, Implement, and Operate" (CDIO), in which students were asked to design, build and test their own prototype satellite research system. Payload Systems provided students with instruction and technical support, and also gave operational guidance when the students tested their prototypes on the NASA KC-135 reduced gravity simulation aircraft. This proof of concept stage was so successful that MIT made CDIO a regular course offering and DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) provided funding to develop the SPHERES concept into a spaceflight system. Additional funding has been provided by the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and MIT. For the spaceflight version of SPHERES, Payload Systems took over all systems design, development, testing, and certification responsibilities.
CDIO student Stephanie Chen joined Payload Systems after graduating from MIT, and continues to work on the SPHERES project. "I am very excited to be working on a project that will enable research for such a broad range of future applications," she said. "There is no way to foresee today all of the significant discoveries that SPHERES will enable to happen."
Specifically, SPHERES is designed to support breakthrough research on complicated multiple-satellite operations, such as service and repair, formation flight, and distributed functionality, and for applications that include high-precision earth observation, deep space astronomy, and telecommunications.
The SPHERES testbed consists of three self-contained satellites, each with battery power, a cold gas propulsion system, and onboard communications and navigation equipment. The satellites autonomously navigate within a designated work area inside ISS by individually measuring their respective positions and attitudes in relation to one another and to the defined volume. SPHERES provides a unique opportunity for researchers on the ground to test control algorithms on ISS, receive testing data, then refine and uplink new algorithms in a relatively short period of time, thus contributing to an accelerated iterative research process unavailable in other testing environments.
"MIT has worked closely with Payload Systems on several ambitious projects, and every time the results have exceeded my expectations," said Dr. David Miller, Director of the MIT Space Systems Laboratory. "As an educational project, SPHERES has already been an enormous success, and as an operational spaceflight system, we expect it will encourage an entirely new class of research programs."
About Payload Systems
Based in Cambridge, MA, Payload Systems provides unparalleled science and engineering services for American and international spaceflight programs and for research programs ranging from human performance and cellular biology to materials science and fluid and structural dynamics. The company also provides payload development and testing, crew training and mission support services.
Payload Systems has spent nearly 20 years developing a consistent
reputation for quality, speed, talent and creativity in solving unique
and difficult engineering problems. It has worked with government
agencies such as NASA, the Air Force Research Laboratory and the Los
Alamos National Laboratory, as well as private industry entities such
as Boeing, General Electric, and Lockheed Martin, and has received
numerous awards from NASA and international partner organizations. For
more information, visit the website at www.payload.com.
Julianne Zimmerman, 617/868-8086, ext. 23
Efrain Viscarolasaga, 617/983-0561
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