From: White House
Posted: Wednesday, February 28, 2001
Excerpt from: A Blueprint for New Beginnings -- A Responsible Budget for America's Priorities (February 2001)
Highlights of 2002 Funding
International Space Station. Recent cost growth on the Space Station is estimated at approximately $1 billion for 2001 and 2002 and $4 billion for the next five years. To address this unprecedented cost growth and ensure that the program remains within the five-year budget plan, the President's 2002 Budget will include important decisions regarding the funding and management of the program while preserving the highest priority goals: permanent human presence in space, world-class research in space, and accommodation of international partner elements. Thus, the U.S. core will be complete once the Space Station is ready to accept major international hardware elements. The cost growth is offset in part by redirecting funding from remaining U.S. elements (particularly high-risk elements including the Habitation Module, Crew Return Vehicle, and Propulsion Module). In addition, funding for U.S. research equipment and associated support will be aligned with the assembly build-up. Future funding decisions to develop and deploy any U.S. elements or enhancements beyond completion of the U.S. core will depend on the quality of cost estimates, resolution of technical issues, and the availability of funding through efficiencies within the FY 2002 Budget runout for Space Station or other Human Space Flight programs and institutional activities. The Budget will propose advance appropriations for the Space Station as a further means to cap Station spending – this cap may be adjusted upward if efficiencies and offsets are found in other Human Space Flight programs and institution.
Space Science. To ensure successful execution of programs already underway, two projects with a very large escalation in cost, the Pluto-Kuiper Express and Solar Probe missions, will not be funded. To support a potential, future sprint to the planet Pluto before 2020, additional funds will be directed to key propulsion technology investments. The budget funds a more robust Mars Exploration Program. In addition, the Budget will also provide critical technology funding to support future decisions on high-energy astrophysics missions.
Earth Science. NASA has worked with the National Academy of Sciences to develop future Earth Science research priorities, and based on these priorities, developed plans for the second generation of Earth Observing System (EOS) satellites. NASA's outyear plan for these satellites has been under-funded, but the Budget will provide a five-percent increase in 2002 for a science-driven EOS Follow-On program while discontinuing low-priority remote sensing satellite and environmental application projects to ensure that EOS priorities can go forward.
Space Shuttle. The budget will provide for a sustained level of six Space Shuttle flights per year and continues funding for Space Shuttle safety improvements, within which NASA will establish safety investment priorities for Shuttle safety upgrades and critical facilities.
Aero-Space Technology. The budget will eliminate lower priority aeronautics programs and reduce under-performing information technology programs.
Fulfilling the President's promise to make Government more market-based, NASA will pursue the management reforms to promote innovation, open Government activities to competition, and improve the depth and quality of NASA's research and development expertise. These reforms, described below, will help reduce NASA's operational burden and focus resources on Government-unique research and development activities at NASA.
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