From: House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology
Posted: Tuesday, July 18, 2006
Dr. Paul Kaminski, Chair
Committee on Decadal Survey of Civil Aeronautics
Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences
National Research Council
The National Academies
Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics
Committee on Science
U.S. House of Representatives July 18, 2006 Decadal Survey of Civil Aeronautics: Foundation for the Future
Good afternoon, Mr. Chairman, and members of the committee. Thank you for the opportunity to testify before you today. My name is Paul Kaminski. I am the chairman and chief executive officer of Technovation, Inc., and a senior partner in Global Technology Partners. I appear before you today in my capacity as chair of the National Research Council’s committee on the Decadal Survey of Civil Aeronautics. The National Research Council is the operating arm of the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, chartered by Congress in 1863 to advise the government on matters of science and technology.
In 2005, NASA requested that the National Research Council (NRC) establish the Committee on the Decadal Survey of Civil Aeronautics under the auspices of the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board. The committee was charged with developing an overarching roadmap for investment in aeronautics research and technology at NASA, and assessing how federal agencies can more effectively address key issues and challenges. Our committee’s report was released in June of 2006.
The U.S. air transportation system is a key contributor to the economic vitality, public well-being, and national security of the United States. The next decade of U.S. civil aeronautics research and technology (R&T) development should provide a foundation for achieving four high-priority Strategic Objectives:
Civil aeronautics R&T should also consider two lower-priority Strategic Objectives:
The purpose of the Decadal Survey of Civil Aeronautics was to develop a foundation for the future—a decadal strategy for the federal government’s involvement in civil aeronautics, with a particular emphasis on the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA’s) research portfolio. A quality function deployment (QFD) process was used to identify and rank 89 R&T Challenges in relation to their potential to achieve the six Strategic Objectives listed above.1 That process produced a list of 51 high-priority R&T Challenges that must be overcome to further the state of the art (see Table 1). These high-priority Challenges are equally divided among five R&T Areas:
1QFD is a group decision-making methodology often used in product design.
Advances in these Areas would have a significant, long-term impact on civil aeronautics. Accordingly, federal funds, facilities, and staff should be made available to advance the high- priority R&T Challenges in each Area.
Five Common Themes summarize threads of commonality among the 51 high-priority R&T Challenges:
These Themes are not an end in themselves; they are a means to an end. Each Theme describes enabling approaches that will contribute to overcoming multiple Challenges in the five R&T Areas. Exploiting the synergies identified in each Common Theme will enable NASA’s aeronautics programs to make the most efficient use of available resources.
Even if individual R&T Challenges are successfully overcome, two key barriers must also be addressed before the Strategic Objectives can be accomplished:
The report also encourages NASA to do the following:
The eight recommendations formulated by the steering committee summarize action necessary to properly prioritize civil aeronautics R&T and achieve the relevant Strategic
Recommendation 1. NASA should use the 51 Challenges listed in Table 1 as the foundation for the future of NASA’s civil aeronautics research program during the next decade.
Recommendation 2. The U.S. government should place a high priority on establishing a stable aeronautics R&T plan, with the expectation that the plan will receive sustained funding for a decade or more, as necessary, for activities that are demonstrating satisfactory progress.
Recommendation 3. NASA should use five Common Themes to make the most efficient use of civil aeronautics R&T resources:
Recommendation 4. NASA should support fundamental research to create the foundations for practical certification standards for new technologies.
Recommendation 5. The U.S. government should align organizational responsibilities as well as develop and implement techniques to improve change management for federal agencies and to assure a safe and cost-effective transition to the air transportation system of the future.
Recommendation 6. NASA should ensure that its civil aeronautics R&T plan features the substantive involvement of universities and industry, including a more balanced allocation of funding between in-house and external organizations than currently exists.
Recommendation 7. NASA should consult with non-NASA researchers to identify the most effective facilities and tools applicable to key aeronautics R&T projects and should facilitate collaborative research to ensure that each project has access to the most appropriate research capabilities, including test facilities; computational models and facilities; and intellectual capital, available from NASA, the Federal Aviation Administration, the Department of Defense, and other interested research organizations in government, industry, and academia.
Recommendation 8. The U.S. government should conduct a high-level review of organizational options for ensuring U.S. leadership in civil aeronautics.
This report should provide a useful foundation for the ongoing effort in the executive branch to develop an aeronautics policy. In addition, even though the scope of this study purposely did
not include specific budget recommendations, it should support efforts by Congress to authorize and appropriate the NASA aeronautics budget.
Thank you for the opportunity to testify. I would be happy to take any questions the Committee might have.
COMMITTEE ON DECADAL SURVEY OF CIVIL AERONAUTICS
TABLE 1 Fifty-one Highest Priority Research and Technology Challenges for NASA Aeronautics, Prioritized by R&T Area
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