Click on Image for larger view. Images Copyright 2007
(L to R) Jarloo Kiguktak, Leroy Chiao, Matt Reyes, and Keith Cowing (not pictured) get a briefing from Pascal Lee about the traverse into Haughton Crater we areabout to embark upon.
Inukshuk built to honor Columbia astronaut Michael Anderson in 2003
(L to R) Matt Reyes, Keith Cowing, and Leroy Chiao in front of the inukshuk built to honor Michael Anderson
Leroy Chiao, Joseph Atchealak, and Jarloo Kiguktak standing on the border of Inuit Owned Land inside Haughton Crater
Pascal Lee and his dog Ping Pong at a stop along our traverse
Ancient coral reef
The view inside Haughton Crater from the hill where Columbia astronaut Kalpana Chawla's inukshuk is located
Keith Cowing standing next to Kalpana Chawla's inukshuk
(L to R) Matt Reyes, Keith Cowing, Pascal Lee, Leroy Chiao, Joseph Atchealak, Jarloo Kiguktak
ATVs in the distance within Gene Shoemaker Valley
Keith Cowing wearing a helmet-mounted video camera during a traverse
Quicktime VR panorama of the hilltop inside Haughton Crater where we stopped for smoked oysters and anchovies
QuickTime video: Lung Ta prayer flags from Tibet flutter over my head. In the background you can hear someone describing how a certain camera works, the soundtrack from "Red Planet", and routine radio calls. Typical evening background sounds at HMPRS
QuickTime VR panorama of HMPRS taken from the northeast corner of Base Camp close to where I was sitting
Leroy Chiao, Matt Reyes and I went out for a traverse today. Our traveling companions were Pascal Lee, the PI of the Haughton-Mars Project (who led the traverse), Jarloo Kiguktak an advisor and field officer for the HMP 2007 field campaign, and his son, Joseph Atchealak.
We were making both a survey and a tour of the various research points of interest in and around Haughton Crater. Our mode of transport: ATVs, the workhorse vehicle of the arctic.
After filling up our ATVs at the fuel depot, we headed for Anderson Pass just north of Base Camp. After several kilometers of travel across the remains of an ancient lake - now named von Braun Planitia, we arrived at our first location.
The last time I was here was back in 2003 when we built an inukshuk to honor astronaut Michael Anderson. Over the course of several months inukshuks were established across Devon Island for all of Columbia's crew.
Inukshuks are human-like figures made out of free stone. Some are rough pillars; others have a definite human shape to them. The Inuit use such structures as markers on their landscape. Properly constructed, as was this one, they can last for centuries.
As part of our visit to Devon Island this year, Leroy, Matt and I, local Inuit boys, and members of the Haughton Mars Project Research Station family will build an inukshuk to honor the crew of Space Shuttle Challenger.
The site we chose is an obvious one. When viewed from Base camp you can just make out the inukshuk on the horizon atop one of two small rises. When you look at these two rises on the horizon you cannot but help being reminded of the "Twin Peaks" which are prominent features at the Mars Pathfinder landing site.
It was odd to return to this place. When I was last here - almost 4 years to the day - the weather was cold and it was blowing snow. Today, while it was cool, the sky was bright and filled with immense, dramatic clouds that had been dragged into vast sweeping shapes by high altitude winds.
This time I was also returning with someone who actually knew Michael Anderson as a living, breathing co-worker. For those of us who were here to build the inukshuk in 2003, he was only someone we knew from post-accident stories about his life.
After pausing at the Anderson inukshuk we walked over to the adjoining rise where we were thinking of building the Challenger inukshuk. A check showed that there was already a nice base made from remnants of an ancient coral reef. Plenty of rocks are to be found nearby. We'll be back in a few days to do the actual construction.
We then headed off toward Haughton Crater. We quickly passed through an alien landscape that was created when the remnants of a coral reef were eroded by the action of water and ice. The rocks are from the Silurian - hundreds of millions of years old. You could film a science fiction movie here; indeed, I was reminded of some of the landscapes I saw as Kid on "Lost in Space".
We soon stopped at the Inukshuk for Kalpana Chawla, which overlooks Trinity Lake on one side and the vast expanse of Haughton Crater on the other. Leroy and I hiked up the several hundred feet of rough terrain to the small summit. The inukshuk had lost a few key stones over the past few seasons, so we replaced them.
Next stop was a large ejecta block that had been thrown out from the original impact itself. Upon close examination you can see that it was excavated from deep underground. The rock structure contains a cross section of fossil bearing rock that was already incredibly ancient when the impact event occurred.
As we headed further into the crater we crossed a variety of terrains. Muddy flat streams, dry dusty plains, vast expanses strewn with rocks several feet in diameter - and often larger. When riding an ATV, the trick is to keep a steady speed, shift gears appropriately and stay in formation.
Soon, we entered regions that I had never seen before. The valleys were caused by the action of ice scraping across the landscape. The valleys that were left behind were stunning and some were just plain magnificent. With the exception of a few artic willows and poppies, the landscape seemed to be devoid of all life. This just served to enhance the otherworldly aspects of the places we visited.
We passed through Shoemaker Valley and ended up atop a ridge where you could see quite a distance across the crater floor. Some regions were grayish-white. This was a breccias deposit - shattered, pulverized rocks from the impact event. When you pass over such a breccias field you can find pieces of granite that were excavated from deep within this island - to a depth of up to a mile - by the impact event.
There are also small whitish gray stones with fan-like radiating patterns. These are called "shatter cones" and capture the shock of the impact event itself as it traveled through and shocked the underlying rock layers.
After a snack of smoked oysters and anchovies (always a highlight of a traverse) we began the trek home.
I am now sitting here writing this entry just before 11:00 pm. I am sitting outside facing due west. The sun is to my right, heading north - and low - on the horizon. My face is tight and slightly tingly - the combined after effect of incredibly strong sunlight (lots of UV), wind, dryness, and cold - all accentuated by 4 hours of driving around on ATVs amidst clouds of fine, swirling dust.
Inside the mess tent some folks are watching a movie ("Red Planet"). The K10 rover team from NASA Ames just finished an evening meeting after a productive day. Meanwhile, a bunch of geologists are in the Hub sifting and analyzing samples they brought in from the field. Out in the greenhouse, as the twin wind generators whoosh away, systems are being upgraded and checked for another season of autonomous operation.
Elsewhere, the communications folks are checking the performance of various systems, Jesse the mechanic is making sure the ATV fleet is working, and Base Camp management is planning the next days' events.
Above my head, on a support wire which helps hold up a radio antenna, a small strand of Lung Ta prayer flags from Tibet flutter silently in the evening breeze.
For me, Leroy and Matt, we have our first live webcast with a dozen Challenger Learning Centers tomorrow. We did several full up tests today to make certain that all the components of a life webcast from the arctic will go as planned tomorrow.
As I sit here in this stark yet stunning place, I decided to inject another world by playing a nature soundtrack on my iPhone. As such I am sitting here surrounded by a forest full of life - virtual life, that is.
I have to wonder what the first people to visit Mars will do on a similar late night session of reflection. Will they wander into greenhouses and smell the plants, play nature sounds, and watch movies from back home? Or will new ways of relaxing emerge - ones that are wholly human - yet also, part Martian?
About Devon Island, The Haughton-Mars Project, and the Mars Institute
The Haughton-Mars Project (HMP) is an international interdisciplinary field research project centered on the scientific study of the Haughton impact structure and surrounding terrain, Devon Island, high arctic, viewed as a terrestrial analog for Mars. The rocky polar desert setting, geologic features and biological attributes of the site offer unique insights into the possible evolution of Mars - in particular the history of water and of past climates on Mars, the effects of impacts on Earth and on other planets, and the possibilities and limits of life in extreme environments. In parallel with its science program, the HMP supports an exploration program aimed at developing new technologies, strategies, humans factors experience, and field-based operational know-how key to planning the future exploration of the Moon, Mars and other planets by robots and humans. The HMP managed jointly by the Mars Instituteand by the SETI Institute.
Keith Cowing's 2007 Devon Island Journals
10 July 2007: Back to the Arctic
11 July 2007: Heading North
12 July 2007: Dropping Onto Devon Island
13 July 2007: Teaching About Roses on Mars
14 July 2007: Using an iPhone on Mars
15 July 2007: Surreal Landscapes and Late Evening Thoughts
16-17 July 2007: Webcasts, Robots, Astronauts, and Dogs
18 July 2007: Ancient Memorials for Modern Space Explorers
19 July 2007: Sheer Audacity
20-22 July 2007: The Persistence of Memory
27 July 2007: Polar Deserts and Global TV
Keith Cowing's 2003 Devon Island Journals
17 Jun 2003: Preface: Moving from Green to Grey
3 Jul 2003: Waiting in Resolute
3-5 July 2003: Arrival and Getting to Work
6 July 2003: Getting in the Groove
7 July 2003: Part 1: Being here - and being there.
7 July 2003: Part 2: Getting Out of Base Camp
8 July 2003: Infrastructure
9 July 2003: Re-connected; Planting Seeds
17 July 2003: Rover Arrival
18 July 2003: Wind
19 July 2003: Illness, Good Food, and Morale
20 July 2003: Arctic Memorials and Starship Yearnings
20 July 2003: Going Home
21 July 2003: Departure - and One Last Dedication
24 July 2003: 24 July 2003: Homeward Bound - In Slow Motion
26 August 2003: Home +30
Keith Cowing's 2002 Devon Island Journals
8 Jul 2002: Arrival
9 Jul 2002: Getting acquainted - and down to work
10 Jul 2002: Mars carpentry
11 Jul 2002: Lexan Kites, shotguns, and Driver's Ed
12 Jul 2002: Building and exploring
13-15 Jul 2002: Building a Mars greenhouse on Earth
16 Jul 2002: Sealing Greenhouses on Earth - and Mars; 6 Wheeled Rovers
17 Jul 2002: Greenhouse Dedication, Fishing, and Mystery Food
18 Jul 2002: Giving Blood, Eternal Light, and an Evening Commute
19 Jul 2002: The Hottest Place on Devon Island, T-shirts, a Star Trek hello
20 Jul 2002: Mars Airplanes and Communicating With Earth
21 Jul 2002: Visiting ministers, missing 'green', and crater tours
22 Jul 2002: The hottest place on Devon Island
23 Jul 2002: Farewells, Birthdays, and Bartering
24 Jul 2002: EVAs, movies - and 'being here'
25 Jul 2002: Russian TV, webcam privacy, and being on Mars for a few minutes
26 Jul 2002: Cold Feet, Chocolate, and Home Cooking
27 Jul 2002: Anchors and anemometers
28 Jul 2002: Drilling into permafrost; leaving footprints for eternity
29 Jul 2002: Showering near the North Pole; one last look around
30 Jul 2002: Departure and arrival
31 Jul 2002: Culture shock and flight delays
1 Aug 2002: Departure into darkness
2 Aug 2002: Green overdose; home at last
2 Sep 2002: Home +30