Searching for the signatures of terrestrial planets in F-, G-type main-sequence stars


image We have studied the volatile-to-refractory abundance ratios to investigate their possible relation with the low-mass planetary formation. We present a fully differential chemical abundance analysis using high-quality HARPS and UVES spectra of 61 late F- and early G-type main-sequence stars, 29 are planet hosts and 32 are stars without detected planets. As the previous sample of solar analogs, these stars slightly hotter than the Sun also provide very accurate Galactic chemical abundance trends in the metallicity range $-0.3<{\rm [Fe/H]}<0.4$.

Stars with and without planets show similar mean abundance ratios. Moreover, when removing the Galactic chemical evolution effects, these mean abundance ratios, $\Delta {\rm [X/Fe]_{SUN-STARS}}$, versus condensation temperature tend to exhibit less steep trends with nearly null or slightly negative slopes. We have also analyzed a sub-sample of 26 metal-rich stars, 13 with and 13 without known planets and find the similar, although not equal, abundance pattern with negative slopes for both samples of stars with and without planets. Using stars at S/N $\ge 550$ provides equally steep abundance trends with negative slopes for both stars with and without planets.

We revisit the sample of solar analogs to study the abundance patterns of these stars, in particular, 8 stars hosting super-Earth-like planets. Among these stars having very low-mass planets, only four of them reveal clear increasing abundance trends versus condensation temperature. Finally, we have compared these observed slopes with those predicted using a simple model which enables us to compute the mass of rocks which have formed terrestrial planets in each planetary system. We do not find any evidence supporting the conclusion that the volatile-to-refractory abundance ratio is related to the presence of rocky planets.

J. I. Gonzalez Hernandez, E. Delgado-Mena, S. G. Sousa, G. Israelian, N. C. Santos, V. Zh. Adibekyan, S. Udry

(Submitted on 10 Jan 2013)

Comments: Accepted for publication in A&A
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as: arXiv:1301.2109 [astro-ph.EP]

(or arXiv:1301.2109v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Jonay I. Gonzalez Hernandez [view email]
[v1] Thu, 10 Jan 2013 13:10:41 GMT (171kb)

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