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The Mission Accessible Near-Earth Objects Survey (MANOS): first photometric results

Status Report From: arXiv.org e-Print archive
Posted: Thursday, July 14, 2016

A. Thirouin, N. Moskovitz, R.P. Binzel, E. Christensen, F.E. DeMeo, M.J. Person, D. Polishook, C.A. Thomas, D. Trilling, M. Willman, M. Hinkle, B. Burt, D. Avner, F.J. Aceituno
(Submitted on 12 Jul 2016)

The Mission Accessible Near-Earth Objects Survey (MANOS) aims to physically characterize sub-km Near-Earth Objects (NEOs). We report first photometric results from the survey which began in August, 2013. Photometric observations were performed using 1 m to 4 m class telescopes around the world. We present rotational periods and lightcurve amplitudes for 86 sub-km NEOs, though in some cases, only lower limits are provided. Our main goal is to obtain lightcurves for small NEOs (typically, sub-km objects) and estimate their rotational periods, lightcurve amplitudes, and shapes. These properties are used for statistical study to constrain overall properties of the NEO population. A weak correlation seems to indicate that smaller objects are more spherical than the larger ones. We also report 7 NEOs that are fully characterized (lightcurve and visible spectra) as the most suitable candidates for a future human or robotic mission. Viable mission targets are objects fully characterized, with a Delta_v(NHATS) <12 km s^-1, and a rotational period P>1h. Assuming a similar rate of object characterization as reported in this paper, approximately 1,230 NEOs need to be characterized in order to find 100 viable mission targets.

Comments: Accepted for publication in The Astronomical Journal
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as: arXiv:1607.03517 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1607.03517v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Audrey Thirouin
[v1] Tue, 12 Jul 2016 21:00:18 GMT (6693kb,D)
http://arxiv.org/abs/1607.03517

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