Implications for growth of organic aerosols by CH3 addition in the atmospheres of Titan and early Earth

Status Report From: e-Print archive
Posted: Monday, February 26, 2018

Experimental study of heterogeneous organic chemistry induced by far ultraviolet light: Implications for growth of organic aerosols by CH3 addition in the atmospheres of Titan and early Earth

Peng K. Hong, Yasuhito Sekine, Tsutoni Sasamori, Seiji Sugita
(Submitted on 23 Feb 2018)

Formation of organic aerosols driven by photochemical reactions has been observed and suggested in CH4-containing atmospheres, including Titan and early Earth. However the detailed production and growth mechanisms of organic aerosols driven by solar far ultraviolet (FUV) light remain poorly constrained. We conducted laboratory experiments simulating photochemical reactions in a CH4-CO2 atmosphere driven by the FUV radiations dominated by the Lyman-{\alpha} line. In the experiments, we analyzed time variations in thickness and infrared spectra of solid organic film formed on an optical window in a reaction cell. Gas species formed by FUV irradiation were also analyzed and compared with photochemical model calculations. Our experimental results show that the growth rate of the organic film decreases as the CH4/CO2 ratio of reactant gas mixture decreases, and that the decrease becomes very steep for CH4/CO2 < 1. Comparison with photochemical model calculations suggests that polymerizations of gas-phase hydrocarbons, such as polyynes and aromatics, cannot account for the growth rate of the organic film but that the addition reaction of CH3 radicals onto the organic film with the reaction probability around 10-2 can explain the growth rate. At CH4/CO2 < 1, etching by O atom formed by CO2 photolysis would reduce or inhibit the growth of the organic film. Our results suggest that organic aerosols would grow through CH3 addition onto the surface during the precipitation of aerosol particles in the middle atmosphere of Titan and early Earth. On Titan, effective CH3 addition would reduce C2H6 production in the atmosphere. On early Earth, growth of aerosol particles would be less efficient than those on Titan, possibly resulting in small-sized monomers and influencing UV shielding.

Comments:    55 pages, 11 figures, 1 table
Subjects:    Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Journal reference:    Icarus Volume 307, 2018, Pages 25-39
DOI:    10.1016/j.icarus.2018.02.019
Cite as:    arXiv:1802.08458 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1802.08458v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Peng Hong Ph.D.
[v1] Fri, 23 Feb 2018 09:44:51 GMT (1599kb)

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