Diagnosing aerosols in extrasolar giant planets with cross-correlation function of water bands

Status Report From: e-Print archive
Posted: Tuesday, July 31, 2018

Lorenzo Pino, David Ehrenreich, Romain Allart, Christophe Lovis, Matteo Brogi, Matej Malik, Valerio Nascimbeni, Francesco Pepe, Giampaolo Piotto
(Submitted on 27 Jul 2018)

Transmission spectroscopy with ground-based, high-resolution instruments provides key insight into the composition of exoplanetary atmospheres. Molecules such as water and carbon monoxide have been unambiguously identified in hot gas giants through cross- correlation techniques. A maximum in the cross-correlation function (CCF) is found when the molecular absorption lines in a binary mask or model template match those contained in the planet. Here, we demonstrate how the CCF method can be used to diagnose broad-band spectroscopic features such as scattering by aerosols in high-resolution transit spectra. The idea consists in exploiting the presence of multiple water bands from the optical to the near-infrared. We produced a set of models of a typical hot Jupiter spanning various conditions of temperature and aerosol coverage. We demonstrate that comparing the CCFs of individual water bands for the models constrains the presence and the properties of the aerosol layers. The contrast difference between the CCFs of two bands can reach about 100 ppm, which could be readily detectable with current or upcoming high-resolution stabilized spectrographs spanning a wide spectral range, such as ESPRESSO, CARMENES, HARPS-N+GIANO, HARPS+NIRPS, SPIRou or CRIRES+.

Comments:    Accepted for publication in A&A; 19 pages, 15 figures, 5 tables
Subjects:    Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as:    arXiv:1807.10769 [astro-ph.EP]
     (or arXiv:1807.10769v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Lorenzo Pino 
[v1] Fri, 27 Jul 2018 18:00:01 GMT (3667kb,D)

Astrochemistry, astrobiology

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