Two new free-floating planet candidates from microlensing

Status Report From: e-Print archive
Posted: Monday, November 5, 2018

P. Mroz, A. Udalski, D. P. Bennett, Y.-H. Ryu, T. Sumi, Y. Shvartzvald, J. Skowron, R. Poleski, P. Pietrukowicz, S. Kozlowski, M. K. Szymanski, L. Wyrzykowski, I. Soszynski, K. Ulaczyk, K. Rybicki, P. Iwanek, M. D. Albrow, S.-J. Chung, A. Gould, C. Han, K.-H. Hwang, Y. K. Jung, I.-G. Shin, J. C. Yee, W.Zang, S.-M. Cha, D.-J. Kim, H.-W. Kim, S.-L. Kim, C.-U. Lee, D.-J. Lee, Y. Lee, B.-G. Park, R. W. Pogge, F. Abe, R. Barry, A. Bhattacharya, I. A.Bond, M. Donachie, A. Fukui, Y. Hirao, Y. Itow, K. Kawasaki, I. Kondo, N. Koshimoto, M. C. A. Li, Y. Matsubara, Y. Muraki, S. Miyazaki, M. Nagakane, C. Ranc, N. J. Rattenbury, H. Suematsu, D. J. Sullivan, D. Suzuki, P. J. Tristram, A. Yonehara, D. Maoz, S. Kaspi, M. Friedmann

(Submitted on 1 Nov 2018)

Planet formation theories predict the existence of free-floating planets, ejected from their parent systems. Although they emit little or no light, they can be detected during gravitational microlensing events. Microlensing events caused by rogue planets are characterized by very short timescales tE (typically below two days) and small angular Einstein radii θE (up to several uas). Here we present the discovery and characterization of two free-floating planet candidates identified in data from the Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment (OGLE) survey. OGLE-2012-BLG-1323 is one of the shortest events discovered thus far (tE=0.155 +/- 0.005 d, θE=2.37 +/- 0.10 uas) and was caused by an Earth-mass object in the Galactic disk or a Neptune-mass planet in the Galactic bulge. OGLE-2017-BLG-0560 (tE=0.905 +/- 0.005 d, θE=38.7 +/- 1.6 uas) was caused by a Jupiter-mass planet in the Galactic disk or a brown dwarf in the bulge. We rule out stellar companions up to the distance of 6.0 and 3.9 au, respectively. We suggest that the lensing objects, whether located on very wide orbits or free-floating, may originate from the same physical mechanism. Although the sample of ultrashort microlensing events is small, these detections are consistent with low-mass wide-orbit or unbound planets being more common than stars in the Milky Way.

Comments: submitted

Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)

Cite as: arXiv:1811.00441 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1811.00441v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)

Submission history

From: Przemek Mroz 

[v1] Thu, 1 Nov 2018 15:38:04 UTC (1,296 KB)

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