Retrieving Temperatures and Abundances of Exoplanet Atmospheres with High-Resolution Cross-Correlation Spectroscopy

Status Report From: e-Print archive
Posted: Tuesday, November 6, 2018

Matteo Brogi, Michael R Line
(Submitted on 5 Nov 2018)

Hi-resolution spectroscopy (R > 25,000) has recently emerged as one of the leading methods to detect atomic and molecular species in the atmospheres of exoplanets. However, it has so far been lacking in a robust method to extract quantitative constraints on temperature structure and molecular/atomic abundances. In this work we present a novel Bayesian atmospheric retrieval framework applicable to high resolution cross-correlation spectroscopy (HRCCS) that relies upon the cross-correlation between data and models to extract the planetary spectral signal. We successfully test the framework on simulated data and show that it can correctly determine Bayesian credibility intervals on atmospheric temperatures and abundances allowing for a quantitative exploration of the inherent degeneracies. Furthermore, our new framework permits us to trivially combine and explore the synergies between HRCCS and low-resolution spectroscopy (LRS) to provide maximal leverage on the information contained within each. This framework also allows us to quantitatively assess the impact of molecular line opacities at high resolution. We apply the framework to VLT CRIRES K-band spectra of HD 209458 b and HD 189733 b and retrieve abundant carbon monoxide but sub-solar abundances for water, largely invariant under different model assumptions. This confirms previous analysis of these datasets, but is possibly at odds with detections of water at different wavelengths and spectral resolutions. The framework presented here is the first step towards a true synergy between space observatories and ground-based hi-resolution observations.

Comments:    Submitted to AAS Journals. Comments welcome
Subjects:    Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as:    arXiv:1811.01681 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1811.01681v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Michael Line Dr.
[v1] Mon, 5 Nov 2018 13:51:13 UTC (2,284 KB)

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