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Reconstructing Extreme Space Weather from Planet Hosting Stars

Status Report From: arXiv.org e-Print archive
Posted: Tuesday, March 19, 2019

V. S. Airapetian, V. Adibekyan, M. Ansdell, D. Alexander, T. Bastian, S. Boro Saikia, A. S. Brun, O. Cohen, M. Cuntz, W. Danchi, J. Davenport, J. DeNolfo, R. DeVore, C. F. Dong, J. J. Drake, K. France, F. Fraschetti, K. Herbst, K. Garcia-Sage, M. Gillon, A. Glocer, J. L. Grenfell, G. Gronoff, N. Gopalswamy, M. Guedel, H. Hartnett, H. Harutyunyan, N. R. Hinkel, A. G. Jensen, M. Jin, C. Johnstone, P. Kalas, S. R. Kane, C. Kay, I.N. Kitiashvili, O. Kochukhov, D. Kondrashov, J. Lazio, J. Leake, G. Li, J. Linsky, T. Lueftinger, B. Lynch, W. Lyra, A. M. Mandell, K. E. Mandt, H. Maehara, M. S. Miesch, A. M. Mickaelian, S. Mouchou, Y. Notsu, L. Ofman, L. D. Oman, R. A. Osten, R. Oran, R. Petre, R. M. Ramirez, G. Rau, S. Redfield, V. Réville, S. Rugheimer, M. Scheucher, J. E. Schlieder, K. Shibata, J. D. Schnittman, David Soderblom, A. Strugarek, J. D. Turner, A. Usmanov, Van Der Holst, A. Vidotto, A. Vourlidas, M.J. Way, Wolk, G. P. Zank, P. Zarka R., Kopparapu, S. Babakhanova, A. A. Pevtsov, Y. Lee, W. Henning, K. D. Colón, E. T. Wolf

(Submitted on 16 Mar 2019)

The field of exoplanetary science is making rapid progress both in statistical studies of exoplanet properties as well as in individual characterization. As space missions provide an emerging picture of formation and evolution of exoplanetary systems, the search for habitable worlds becomes one of the fundamental issues to address. To tackle such a complex challenge, we need to specify the conditions favorable for the origin, development and sustainment of life as we know it. This requires the understanding of global (astrospheric) and local (atmospheric, surface and internal) environments of exoplanets in the framework of the physical processes of the interaction between evolving planet-hosting stars along with exoplanetary evolution over geological timescales, and the resulting impact on climate and habitability of exoplanets. Feedbacks between astrophysical, physico-chemical atmospheric and geological processes can only be understood through interdisciplinary studies with the incorporation of progress in heliophysics, astrophysics, planetary, Earth sciences, astrobiology, and the origin of life communities. The assessment of the impacts of host stars on the climate and habitability of terrestrial (exo)planets and potential exomoons around them may significantly modify the extent and the location of the habitable zone and provide new directions for searching for signatures of life. Thus, characterization of stellar ionizing outputs becomes an important task for further understanding the extent of habitability in the universe. The goal of this white paper is to identify and describe promising key research goals to aid the theoretical characterization and observational detection of ionizing radiation from quiescent and flaring upper atmospheres of planet hosts as well as properties of stellar coronal mass ejections and stellar energetic particle events.

Comments: White Paper submitted to the Astronomy and Astrophysics Decadal Survey (Astro2020), 8 pages, 1 figure

Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)

Cite as: arXiv:1903.06853 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1903.06853v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)

Submission history

From: Vladimir Airapetian 

[v1] Sat, 16 Mar 2019 00:59:05 UTC (313 KB)

https://arxiv.org/abs/1903.06853

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